News aggregator

Fragile X study offers hope of new autism treatment

Science News Daily - 5 hours 8 min ago
People affected by a common inherited form of autism could be helped by a drug that is being tested as a treatment for cancer, according to researchers. Fragile X Syndrome is the most common genetic cause of autism spectrum disorders. It affects around 1 in 4,000 boys and 1 in 6,000 girls. Currently, there is no cure.
Categories: A Broader View

Mindfulness treatment as effective as CBT for depression, anxiety

Science News Daily - 7 hours 38 min ago
Group mindfulness treatment is as effective as individual cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in patients with depression and anxiety, according to a new study. This is the first randomized study to compare group mindfulness treatment and individual cognitive behavioral therapy in patients with depression and anxiety in primary health care.
Categories: A Broader View

Ancient dental plaque: A 'Whey' into our milk drinking past?

Science News Daily - 9 hours 16 min ago
We drink milk because it is good for us, but we rarely stop to think "Why?" Archaeologists and geneticists have been puzzling this question since it was revealed that the mutations which enable adults to drink milk are under the strongest selection of any in the human genome.
Categories: A Broader View

New research supporting stroke rehabilitation

Science News Daily - 10 hours 42 min ago
New research could help improve stroke patients' rehabilitation, experts say. The research may provide useful applications for the care of stroke patients who have restricted use of their upper limbs. If stroke patients practice the techniques recommended by the study, it could potentially help maintain activity in movement-related brain areas, especially when used alongside more traditional physiotherapy techniques where the same movements are also practiced physically.
Categories: A Broader View

Significantly increased risk of stillbirth in males, study shows

Science News Daily - 10 hours 42 min ago
Boys are more likely to be stillborn than girls, a large-scale study has found. The study reviewed more than 30 million births globally, and found that the risk of stillbirth is about ten percent higher in boys. This equates to a loss of around 100,000 additional male babies per year.
Categories: A Broader View

Ancient marine algae provides clues of climate change impact on today's microscopic ocean organisms

Science News Daily - 10 hours 42 min ago
A study of ancient marine algae has found that climate change affected their growth and skeleton structure, which has potential significance for today’s equivalent microscopic organisms that play an important role in the world’s oceans. Coccolithophores, a type of marine algae, are prolific in the ocean today and have been for millions of years. These single-celled plankton produce calcite skeletons that are preserved in seafloor sediments after death. Although coccolithophores are microscopic, their abundance makes them key contributors to marine ecosystems and the global carbon cycle.
Categories: A Broader View

New antimicrobial edible films increase lifespan of cheese

Science News Daily - 10 hours 42 min ago
New coatings to apply to soft cheese have been developed by researchers. These coatings are totally edible and have an antimicrobial capacity, which increases the lifespan of the cheese. These films incorporate oregano and rosemary essential oils as antimicrobial agents, and chitosan, a by-product that comes from crustacean shells.
Categories: A Broader View

'Trigger' for stress processes discovered in brain

Science News Daily - 10 hours 42 min ago
An important factor for stress has been identified by scientists. This is the protein secretagogin that plays an important role in the release of the stress hormone CRH and which only then enables stress processes in the brain to be transmitted to the pituitary gland and then onwards to the organs.
Categories: A Broader View

How do Tourette's patients react to visual stimulation with their own self-image?

Science News Daily - 10 hours 42 min ago
Tourette’s syndrome is characterized by tics caused in many by premonitory urges; sensations which give patients compulsion to act to relieve discomfort. Habit reversal therapy conditions patients into heightened awareness of premonitory urges and forced counteraction of the tic. New research examines the effect on Tourette’s sufferers when exposed to their own image for a prolonged period. Could introduction of patients’ self-image reduce tics due to heightened self-awareness and subsequent self-imposed tic control? Or might watching themselves increase inclination to tic?
Categories: A Broader View

Drug to reduce side-effects of 'binge drinking' developed

Science News Daily - 10 hours 42 min ago
A drug that could reduce the harmful side-effects of ‘binge drinking’, especially by teenagers, has been successfully developed and tested by a team of scientists. Researchers say that this development may also link to new ways to treat Alzheimer’s and other neurological diseases that damage the brain. 
Categories: A Broader View

Uterine contractions increase success of artificial insemination

Science News Daily - 10 hours 44 min ago
The negative impact of contractions during in vitro fertilization is a well-known fact. What was unknown until now was the effect it had on artificial insemination. A new study has discovered that it is the contrary to that seen in embryo transfer: there is an improved chance of getting pregnant. Researchers have demonstrated that the number of contractions of the uterus per minute is a parameter associated with success in artificial insemination procedures.
Categories: A Broader View

Stroke damage mechanism identified

Science News Daily - 10 hours 44 min ago
A mechanism linked to the brain damage often suffered by stroke victims has been discovered by scientists, who are now searching for drugs to block it. Strokes happen when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off but much of the harm to survivors' memory and other cognitive function is often actually caused by "oxidative stress" in the hours and days after the blood supply resumes, the authors explain.
Categories: A Broader View

How can we avoid kelp beds turning into barren grounds?

Science News Daily - 10 hours 44 min ago
Urchins are marine invertebrates that mold the biological richness of marine grounds. However, an excessive proliferation of urchins may also have severe ecological consequences on marine grounds as they reduce algal cover and affect the survival of other marine species. To explore global dynamics and the factors that turn kelp beds into barren grounds is the main objective of a new study.
Categories: A Broader View

Leading medical experts call for an end to UK postcode lottery for liver disease treatment, detection

Science News Daily - November 26, 2014 - 6:51pm
Leading medical experts warn that rising numbers of deaths from liver disease -- already the UK's third commonest cause of premature death -- will be unavoidable without radical improvements in treatment and detection services, and tougher government policies to control the excessive alcohol use and obesity responsible for much of the national burden of liver disease.
Categories: A Broader View

Teens with a history of TBI are nearly 4 times more likely to have used crystal meth

Science News Daily - November 26, 2014 - 6:51pm
Ontario students between grades 9 and 12 who said they had a traumatic brain injury in their lifetime, also reported drug use rates two to four times higher than peers with no history of TBI, according to research.
Categories: A Broader View

Artificial pancreas shown to improve treatment of type 1 diabetes

Science News Daily - November 26, 2014 - 6:50pm
The world’s first clinical trial comparing three alternative treatments for type 1 diabetes demonstrates that the external artificial pancreas improves glucose control and reduces the risk of hypoglycemia compared to conventional diabetes treatment.
Categories: A Broader View

Heat-conducting plastic: 10 times better than conventional counterparts

Science News Daily - November 26, 2014 - 5:16pm
The spaghetti-like internal structure of most plastics makes it hard for them to cast away heat, but a research team has made a plastic blend that does so 10 times better than its conventional counterparts.
Categories: A Broader View

Trial shows new imaging system may cut X-ray exposure for liver cancer patients

Science News Daily - November 26, 2014 - 5:14pm
Researchers report that their test of an interventional X-ray guidance device approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2013 has the potential to reduce the radiation exposure of patients undergoing intra-arterial therapy for liver cancer.
Categories: A Broader View

Experimental Ebola vaccine appears safe, prompts immune response

Science News Daily - November 26, 2014 - 5:14pm
An experimental vaccine to prevent Ebola virus disease was well-tolerated and produced immune system responses in all 20 healthy adults who received it in a Phase 1 clinical trial.
Categories: A Broader View

Nervous system may play bigger role in infections than previously known

Science News Daily - November 26, 2014 - 5:14pm
The nervous system may play a bigger role in infections and autoimmune diseases than previously known.
Categories: A Broader View